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中英社评/用好国家支持 实现创科突破

中英社评/用好国家支持 实现创科突破

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  创新科技决定香港未来,也是香港全面提升竞争力的关键。香港创科由举步维艰到形成目前百舸争流的局面,来之不易,根本原因在于得到了国家全方位的支持。未来五年是香港迈向由治及兴的关键时期,创科也迎来前所未有的发展「黄金时期」,香港需要紧紧把握机遇,瞄准国家战略需要,不断完善创科生态圈,实现新突破。

  香港创科发展多年,一直不温不火,直到五年前,香港创科才迎来了发展的「春天」。2017年6月,由香港地区首位中国工程院院士、香港大学荣誉教授陈清泉牵头,本港24位中国科学院院士、中国工程院院士联名给习近平总书记写信,表达报效祖国的迫切愿望和发展创新科技的巨大热情。

  习近平总书记对此高度重视,作出重要指示并迅速部署相关工作。回信于翌年5月公开时,国家科研项目经费过境香港使用、科研仪器设备入境关税优惠等问题已基本上解决,一系列政策也不断出台。总书记的关心和支持,极大地鼓舞了香港科技工作者,也极大地推动了香港创科发展。

  陈清泉教授在接受大公报访问时表示,「那封信对香港是一针强心剂,指明了方向」、「那封信的到来,给香港科技发展带来了翻天覆地的变化。」事实正是如此,国家科技部当即根据实际情况,将2200万元人民币研究经费拨给香港的16个国家重点实验室和6个国家工程技术研究中心香港分中心。截至去年底,批给本港院校及科研机构的「过河资金」已达6.2亿元人民币,涉及310个研发项目,参与建立19个粤港澳实验室及建立2个实验室的香港分支机构。国家亦开放「优秀青年科学基金项目」予港澳学者申请,计划在2025年建成约40家粤港澳联合实验室等,促进两地科研合作,本港创科发展将如虎添翼。

  国家以「真金白银」支持香港创科的同时,政策上扶持亦不遗余力。《粤港澳大湾区发展规划纲要》强调实施创新驱动发展战略;国家「十四五」规划更明确表明支持香港建设国际创科中心;支持发展粤港澳新型研发机构则列入了《全面深化前海深港现代服务业合作区改革开放方案》;香港推出「北部都会区」大计,正是顺应创科发展大潮的长远策略。河套区、前海、南沙等创科发展平台先后建立,亦是国家支持的体现。这一切正如陈清泉所言,都是习近平总书记大力支持的结果。

  香港发展创科由纸上蓝图,到现在初具规模和成效,可以说要资金有资金、要政策有政策、要平台有平台,这一事实再次以生动的方式诠释了「一国两制」是香港最大优势、中央所做一切都是为了香港好的道理。事实上,香港命运从来与国家密切相连,香港过去的每一次产业转型,都与国家发展息息相关。如今国家高度重视创科,香港躬逢其盛,必须乘势而上。

  香港在融入国家发展大局的过程中,要充分善用自身独特优势,真正做到发挥香港所长、贡献国家所需,未来除了要实现创科突破外,还要积极建立人才国际交流中心、为内地及世界各地科学家提供国际交流与合作平台,并协助国家建立全球产学研协同创新平台。只要能用好国家支持、发挥好角色,稳扎稳打,香港必能在融入国家发展大局的进程中不断壮大自己,创造东方之珠的新辉煌。

  2022-06-25

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Making good use of national support to achieve a breakthrough in “Hong Kong's” Innovation & Technology development

  Innovation and Technology (InnoTech) decides the future of Hong Kong and also is key to comprehensively sharpening Hong Kong's competitive edge. Having difficulties to take a step forward at the beginning, Hong Kong's InnoTech development now ushers in a new phase of "a hundred boats contending in a race".  Such a situation is hard won. The fundamental reason for this lies in the all-dimensional support lent by our nation. The upcoming five years are a critical period of time for Hong Kong's journey from stability to prosperity, with InnoTech development also entering an unprecedented "golden period". Hong Kong must firmly seize the opportunity, home in on the nation's strategic needs and keep improving our InnoTech ecosphere, so as to make a breakthrough.

  InnoTech development in Hong Kong had remained lukewarm for years. It was not until five years ago that InnoTech development in Hong Kong ushered in its "Spring Season". In June, 2017, led by Honourary Professor Chan Ching-Chuen of the University of Hong Kong (HKU) - the first Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE) from Hong Kong, 24 Hong Kong Academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and CAE jointly signed a letter to General Secretary [of the Communist Party of China (CPC)] Xi Jinping to express their sincere aspiration to serve the Motherland worthily and their great enthusiasm in developing InnoTech.

  Attaching great importance to this letter, General Secretary Xi Jinping made important instructions and quickly arranged the relevant works. When his response letter was made public in May of the following year, issues such as cross-boundary remittance of science and technology project funding to Hong Kong and import tax incentives for scientific research instruments and equipment had already been primarily dealt with, and a series of policies kept being launched. The General Secretary's care and support greatly inspired Hong Kong's science and technology personnel and also greatly stimulated Hong Kong's InnoTech development.

  In an interview with Ta Kung Pao, Professor Chan Ching-Chuen said, "That response letter was a cardiac stimulant for Hong Kong," "the arrival of that letter brought about an epoch-making change in the development of science and technology in Hong Kong." Such are the facts. The Ministry of Science and Technology [at the time] promptly allocated research funds totaling RMB22 million to the 16 State Key Laboratories in Hong Kong and the six Hong Kong Branches of Chinese National Engineering Research. By the end of last year, "cross-boundary funds" granted to Hong Kong's universities and research institutions has already reached RMB620 million, covering 310 research projects and helping to set up 19  Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macau Joint Laboratories and two Hong Kong branches of such joint laboratories. The national Excellent Young Scientists Fund is now open for researchers from Hong Kong and Macao to apply. There is also a plan to set up 40 Guangdong–Hong Kong–Macau Joint Laboratories by the year 2025 to promote cross-boundary cooperation in scientific and technological researches.  InnoTech development in Hong Kong will progress with added strength then.

  In addition to support Hong Kong's InnoTech development with "real money", the Central Government also does its level best to gives policy support.  The Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area stresses on carrying out an innovation-driven development strategy; the National 14th Five Year Plan [for Econnomic and Social Development] unambiguously stipulates support for Hong Kong's development into an international innovation and technology hub; support for development of new-type Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao research institutions is specified in the Plan for Comprehensive Deepening Reform and Opening Up of the Qianhai Shenzhen-Hong Kong Modern Service Industry Cooperation Zone (Qianhai Plan); Hong Kong's launch of the Northern Metropolis plan conforms to the long-term strategy for InnoTech development. The successive establishment of development platforms such as the Lok Ma Chau Loop, Qianhai and Nansha is also an embodiment of national support. All, as Chan Ching-Chuen put it, result from General Secretary Xi Jinping's substantial support.

  From a blueprint on paper, InnoTech development in Hong Kong now takes shape and achieves initial success. It can be said that now there is no lack of funds, policy support or performance platforms. Such a fact once again vividly explains the reason why "one country two systems" is Hong Kong's greatest advantage and everything the Central Government does is in Hong Kong's best interest. As a matter of fact, Hong Kong's fate is always inseparably linked to the nation. Every industrial transformation in Hong Kong in the past was closely related with our country's development. Now our country attaches great importance to InnoTech development, and Hong Kong, being present on this grand occasion, must ride on the wave.

  Hong Kong, in integrating itself into the nation's overall development, must make good use of its own advantages so as to truly live up to the expectation of bringing Hong Kong's advantages into full play to meet the demands of the country. In future, in addition to making a breakthrough in InnoTech development, Hong Kong must proactively build itself into an international centre for talent exchange to provide a platform for international exchange and cooperation of scientists from the Mainland and other places in the world, and help our country to build a global industry-education-research collaborative innovation platform. As long as we can make good use of national support, bring our role into full play and proceed steadily and step by step, Hong Kong is definitely bound to keep strengthening itself in the process of integrating itself into the country's overall development and achieve new splendour of the Pearl of the Orient.

  25 June 2022

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